Climatology of precipitation and clouds over PANAMA

General info
System properties
Seasonal variation
Diurnal variation
Vertical Structure
Extreme events
  • Topography and population

  • PANAMA has a mean elevation of 294 meter and 59 % of the area is covered with water. Within PANAMA, total human population is about 46066016. The geographical distributions of human population and topograph are shown below:

  • Precipitation and cloud

  • In PANAMA, mean annual precipitation is 2636.23 (mm/year). Mean volume fraction of high level (10-14 km) cloud is about 20.5%. Mean volume fraction of mid level (5-10 km) cloud is about 20.3%. Mean volume fraction of low level (1-5 km) cloud is about 20.4%. Click the links on the left to see the details of the precipitation and cloud systems.

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