Climatology of precipitation and clouds over BOLIVIA
BOLIVIA


General info
Precipitation
System properties
Cloud
Seasonal variation
Diurnal variation
Vertical Structure
Extreme events
  • Mean properties of precipitation system

  • During 1998-2011, total 63223 snapshots of precipitation features with size > 80 km^2 have been collected over BOLIVIA , where 5740 of them have lightning flashes inside. Some mean properties of these features are listed below:
    samples (#) mean size (km^2) mean volumetric rain (mm/hr*km^2) mean echo top (km) mean 30 dBZ ehco top (km)mean flash count (#)
    All 63223 833 3289 6.9 4.0 1.09
    DJF 28220 899 3474 7.0 4.0 0.89
    MAM 17376 702 2667 6.7 3.8 0.64
    JJA 4598 744 2828 6.2 3.7 1.41
    SON 13029 898 3880 7.4 4.5 1.99

  • Extreme rainy events
  • In all 63223 precipitation features, top 1% ( volumetric rain > 62834 mm/hr*km^2) rainy features contribute 44 % of total rainfall. Top 100 rainiest events observed by TRMM during 1998-2011 over BOLIVIA are listed here . Following figure shows the location of the precipitation feautres categorized by the volumetric rainfall.


  • Extreme intense events
  • Some of the precipitation sytems are much intense with large hails and many lightning than others (see the lists of top lightning storms. Following figure shows the location of the precipitation feautres categorized by the lightning rate and 30 dBZ echo top.


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