Climatology of precipitation and clouds over BOLIVIA
BOLIVIA


General info
Precipitation
System properties
Cloud
Seasonal variation
Diurnal variation
Vertical Structure
Extreme events
  • Precipitation vertical structure

  • Here the precipitation means the precipitable hydrometeors (raindrops, snow flakes, graupel and hails) that detected by TRMM precipitation radar. Following figure shows the vertical profiles of 20, 30 and 40 dBZ fractional occurrence over BOLIVIA in different seasons.

    The seasonal and diurnal variations of precipitation (20 dBZ) fractional occurrence at different altitudes are shown below:

    The seasonal and diurnal variations of INTENSIVE precipitation (40 dBZ) fractional occurrence at different altitudes are shown below:


  • Cloud vertical structure

  • Clouds are consisted of small hydrometeors that undetectable by TRMM precipitation radar (Ku band). CloudSat (W band radar) provides the much great details of clouds. Following figure shows the vertical structure of the thin and thick clouds over BOLIVIA. Note that high reflectivity at low levels are less frequent due to the attenuation.

    The seasonal variation of thin (-20 dBZ) and thick (0 dBZ) cloud over BOLIVIA are shown below:


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